An Israeli court has ordered two New Zealand women to pay nearly $19,000 in damages for their role in encouraging pop singer Lorde to cancel her concerts in Israel last year.
Justine Sachs, a Jewish New Zealander, and Nadia Abu-Shanab, from a Palestinian family, wrote an open letter to Lorde last year asking her to join the artistic boycott of Israel.
Lorde responded on her social media by saying she was considering all her options and learning all the time. She went on to cancel the concert.
About a month later, Israeli law group Shurat HaDin filed a case under a 2011 Israeli law allowing civil lawsuits against anyone calling for a boycott of the country.
It is thought to be the first case under the legislation, formed to oppose the BDS (Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions) movement, a global pressure campaign.
A lawyer for the firm, Nitsana Darshan-Leitner, at the time said the two women were being sued for the mental harm suffered by three teens who missed out on the concert.
According to the report by Jerusalem Post, the teenagers were refunded for their tickets.
Jerusalem Post reporter Amy Spiro told Morning Report the court has ordered the two women to pay 45,000 Israeli New Shekel ($NZ18,976)
It was not clear whether there would be anything from the Israeli courts that would compel the women to pay the fine.
But the firm is known to have previously filed against other international bodies who opposed Israel.
Even when the law firm has had rulings in its favour, the question of getting the money was always a big question, the reporter said.
"She believes agreements between Israel and New Zealand will allow it to happen but it was still a big question mark."
The reporter said the lawyer for the case had previously made it clear it was partly aimed at warning activists overseas.
"When they filed the lawsuit that's what the lawyer had said, they wanted to serve as a message from people half around the world who want to impact lives here, [they] should also think about whether or not that will have repercussions."
Waikato University law professor Alexander Gillespie said the decision would have a chilling effect on free speech.
"This is polictical theatre. This is not really a legal issue, this is about a court in Israel trying to create a precedent, and it will have quite a large global impact.
"A lot of people will start watching this because the fear will be that if you're critical of Israel, no matter where you are in the world, you could be sued."
Prof Gillespie said Israel would find it incredibly difficult to force the women to pay the fine.
"In theory they can apply to the courts here to enforce their judgement, but it's very unlikely that the judgement will be enforced because it's completely contrary to our own laws.